Hydroponics: The Nutrient Enriched, Soil less Cultivation

Hydroponics: The Nutrient Enriched, Soil less Cultivation

The cultivation technology in the gardening sector is changing day by day as the horizontal land is decreasing by the intervention of anthropological factors. People are now switching to the soil-less gardening technique, popularly known as Hydroponics farming, which mostly uses vertical space. If you have ever kept some plant shoot clipping in a glass of water, then it will generate roots. It’s an example of organic gardening, in which plants are grown in nutrient enriched solution, instead of soil. 

Hydroponic farming practice reduces the problem related to weeding, soil-borne diseases, time and amount of fertilizer application, spraying pesticides, labors of cultivation, tilling, soil texture, and many more aspects. It offers an easy way of growing fruits and vegetables that are healthier and have more nutritive value. With hydroponic gardening, we can expect big, better results in a short span of time, as nutrients are dissolved in water and directly fed to the plant roots. This garden is simple to maintain both indoors and outdoors environment. You can harvest fresh, home-grown fruits and vegetables which will bring you happiness and peace of mind while saving some money.

Techniques of Soil less Gardening

          There are various scientifically advised techniques for hydroponics like-
Ø  Static Solution Culture
Ø  Continuous-flow Solution Culture (Nutrient Film Technique or NFT)
Ø  Aeroponics
Ø  Fogponics
Ø  Passive Sub-irrigation
Ø  Ebb and Flow or Flood and Drain Sub-irrigation
Ø  Run to Waste
Ø  Deep Water Culture
Ø  Top-fed Deep Water Culture
Ø  Rotary and
Ø  Domestic Hydroponic Farming.

Advantages of Hydroponic Gardening

Ø  In hydroponic gardening; plants can be grown anywhere as long as their growth requirements are met.
Ø         It uses only 1/20th of water compared to traditional (soil-based) gardening.
Ø    Water can be reused multiple times leading to water conservation with less expense incurred on it.
Ø       It provides a sterile environment for plant production. This technique does not require pesticides, fertilizers, and other chemicals, as there’s no chance of damage due to soil-borne diseases or pests.
Ø       Crops can grow faster in hydroponic gardening.
Ø      Yield is doubled leading to more production from the same amount of space.
Ø      It needs 20% of less space in comparison to soil-based gardens, as plants with small roots can be grown closer to each other.
Ø  No environmental degradation due to heavy runoff and leaching losses of nutrients as in the case of conventional farming.
Ø     Uses less labor.
Ø  Simple to have complete control over nutrient balance by using different formulated solutions like Olivia’s Growing Solution.
Ø    There are no soil setup and testing hassles.
Ø  Healthy plant growth with better nutritional value. It has been proved that vitamin content is 50% more in hydroponically grown plants as compared to the conventional ones.
Ø    Easy harvesting.
Ø    Crops can be grown all year round.
Ø  Hydroponic gardening is an amazing stress relieving and a relaxing hobby. Moreover it is a great way to spend quality family time.

Disadvantages of Hydroponic Gardening

Ø Initial setup cost of the hydroponic system is high.
Ø Hydroponic cultivation requires constant supervision.
Ø Power outage is a major drawback; in this case plants will dry out. If this ever happens, we have to manually water our garden.
Ø Water-based microorganisms can be easily introduced.
Ø Technical knowledge is required for growing plants through hydroponics.

There are numerous benefits of soil-less gardening. It can give excellent results in a short span of time with proper knowledge and techniques.  Various environmental concerns, reduction in arable land, and scarcity of water can be easily conquered with the use of this technique. It is extremely beneficial for commercial farmers as well as home gardeners.

Agriculture2u.com by subhrajyoti's horticulture

Hello friends, I'am Dr. Subhrajyoti , from Odisha, India. I have completed my UG & PG from OUAT and Ph.D. from JAU. During my early year of teaching, I loved to provide important information to the young agriculturists and farmers. With the suggestions from my best friend Mr. S. R. Biswal, (Ph.D. Research Scholar; website designer & content editor of agriculture2u.com (blog &YouTube), I got interested to create such an amazing platform, where I can share my knowledge to a greater range of audience and also get enriched with new ideas and knowledge. I feel privileged to be in contact with you all. I would like to thank you all for your valuable support and encouragement through viewing my articles. I will always try my best to provide the quality and latest information on this website. Thank you….

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